NIMROD PAPERS
The standard reference for citing NIMROD is:
 C.R. Sovinec, A.H. Glasser, D.C. Barnes, T.A. Gianakon,
R.A. Nebel, S.E. Kruger, D.D. Schnack, S.J. Plimpton, A. Tarditi,
M.S. Chu and the NIMROD Team,
"Nonlinear Magnetohydrodynamics with Highorder Finite Elements,"
Journal of Computational Physics,
195, 355 (2004).
The BibTex reference for this is:
@article{sovinec04,
Author = {C.R. Sovinec and A.H. Glasser and T.A. Gianakon and
D.C. Barnes and R.A. Nebel and S.E. Kruger and S.J. Plimpton and
A. Tarditi and M.S. Chu and the NIMROD Team},
Journal = {J. Comp. Phys.},
Pages = {355},
Title = {Nonlinear Magnetohydrodynamics
with Highorder Finite Elements},
Volume = {195},
Year = {2004}
}
Papers in which the primary focus is on results of NIMROD simulations

S. Yang, P. Zhu, J. Xie, and W. Liu, "Twofluid MHD regime of resistive
driftwave instability," Phys. Plasmas 25, 092113 (2018).

M. T. Beidler, J. D. Callen, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Mode penetration
induced by transient magnetic perturbations," Phys. Plasmas 25,
082507 (2018).

J. B. O'Bryan, C. A. RomeroTalamas, and S. Woodruff, "Simulations of
multipulse coaxial helicity injection in the Sustained Spheromak Physics
Experiment," Phys. Plasmas 25, 032503 (2018).

E. B. Hooper, "Plasma density injection and flow during coaxial helicity
injection in a tokamak," Phys. Plasmas 25, 022512 (2018).

Y. Hou, P. Zhu, C. C. Kim, Z. Hu, Z. Zou, Z. Wang, and the NIMROD Team,
"NIMROD calculations of energetic particle driven toroidal Alfven eigenmodes,"
Physics of Plasmas 25, 012501 (2018).

B. Luo, P. Zhu, H. Li, W.D. Liu, and KTX Team, "Resistive MHD modelling of
quasisingle helicity state in the KTX regimes,"
Nucl. Fusion 58, 016049 (2018).

K. D. Morgan, T. R. Jarboe, A. C. Hossack, R. N. Chandra, and C. J. Everson,
"Validation of extended magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the HITSI3
experiment using the NIMROD code," Physics of Plasmas 24, 122510 (2017).

X.T. Yan, P. Zhu, and Y.W. Sun, "Neoclassical toroidal viscosity torque
in tokamak edge pedestal induced by external resonant magnetic perturbation,"
Phys. Plasmas 24, 082510 (2017).

D. Banerjee, P. Zhu, and R. Maingi, "Stabilizing effects of resistivity
towards ELMfree Hmode discharge in Lithiumconditioned NSTX,"
Nucl. Fusion 57, 076005 (2017).

S. Cheng, P. Zhu, and D. Banerjee, "Enhanced toroidal flow stabilization of
edge localized modes with increased plasma density,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 092510 (2017).

V. A. Izzo and P. B. Parks, "Modeling of rapid shutdown in the DIIID tokamak
by core deposition of highZ material," Physics of Plasmas 24,
060705 (2017).

J. P. Sauppe and C. R. Sovinec, "Extended MHD modeling of tearingdriven
magnetic relaxation," Physics of Plasmas 24, 056107 (2017).

V. A. Izzo, "The effect of preexisting islands on disruption mitigation
in MHD simulations of DIIID," Physics of Plasmas 24, 056102 (2017).

J. R. King, S. E. Kruger, K. H. Burrell, X. Chen, A. M. Garofalo, R. J.
Groebner, K. E. J. Olofsson, A. Y. Pankin, and P. B. Snyder, "MHD modeling
of a DIIID lowtorque QHmode discharge and comparison to observations,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 055902 (2017).

D. Banerjee, P. Zhu, and R. Mainji, "Stabilizing effects of enhanced
resistivity due to lithiumconditioning on lown edge localized modes in NSTX,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 054501 (2017).

M. T. Beidler, J. D. Callen, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Nonlinear
modeling of forced magnetic reconnection in slab geometry with NIMROD,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 052508 (2017).

P. Zhu, A. Bhattacharjee, A. Sangari, Z. Wang, and P. Bonofiglo,
"Threedimensional geometry of magnetic reconnection induced by ballooning
instability in a generalized Harris sheet,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 024503 (2017).

J. R. King, K. H. Burrell, A. M. Garofalo, R. J. Groebner,
S. E. Kruger, A. Y. Pankin, and P. B. Snyder,
"NIMROD modeling of quiescent Hmode: reconstruction considerations
and saturation mechanism," Nuclear Fusion 57, 022002 (2017).

J. R. King, S. E. Kruger, R. J. Groebner, J. D. Hanson, J. D. Hebert,
E. D. Held, and J. R. Jepson, "Effect of scrapeofflayer current on
reconstructed tokamak equilibrium,"
Physics of Plasmas 24, 012504 (2017).

F. Ebrahimi, "Dynamodriven plasmoid formation from a currentsheet
instability," Physics of Plasmas 23, 120705 (2016).

E. B. Hooper and C. R. Sovinec, "A currentdriven resistive instability
and its effects in simulations of coaxial helicity injection in a tokamak,"
Physics of Plasmas 23, 102502 (2016).

N. A. Roberds, J. D. Hanson, D. A. Maurer, L. Guazzotto, E. C. Howell,
and C. R. Sovinec, "Simulations of sawtoothing in a current carrying
stellarator," Physics of Plasmas 23, 092513 (2016).

J. R. King, A. Y. Pankin, S. E. Kruger, and P. B. Snyder,
"The impact of collisionality, FLR, and parallel closure effects on
instabilities in the tokamak pedestal: Numerical studies with the
NIMROD code," Physics of Plasmas 23, 062123, 2016.

C. R. Sovinec, "Stabilization of numerical interchange in
spectralelement magnetohydrodynamics,"
Journal of Computational Physics 319, 61, 2016.

F. Ebrahimi and R. Raman, "Largevolume flux closure during
plasmoidmediated reconnection in coaxial helicity injection,"
Nuclear Fusion 56, 044002 (2016).

J. P. Sauppe and C. R. Sovinec, "Twofluid and finite Larmor radius
effects on helicity evolution in a plasma pinch,"
Physics of Plasmas 23, 032303 (2016).

F. Ebrahimi and R. Raman, "Plasmoid formation during simulations of
coaxial helicity injection in the National Spherical Torus Experiment,"
Physical Review Letters 114, 205003 (2015).

E. D. Held, S.E. Kruger, J.Y. Ji, E. A. Belli, and B. C. Lyons,
"Verification of continuum drift kinetic equation solvers in NIMROD,"
Physics of Plasmas 22, 032511 (2015).

T. G. Jenkins and E. D. Held, "Coupling extended magnetohydrodynamic fluid
codes with radiofrequency ray tracing codes for fusion modeling,"
Journal of Computational Physics 297, 427 (2015).

P. Zhu, C. R. Sovinec and C. C. Hegna,
"The formation of blobs from a pure interchange process,"
Physics of Plasmas 22, 022311 (2015).

P. Zhu and J. Raeder, "Ballooning instabilityinduced plasmoid formation
in nearEarth plasma sheet," Journal of Geophysical Research:
Space Physics 119, 131 (2014).

F. Ebrahimi, R. Raman, E. B. Hooper, C. R. Sovinec, and A. Bhattacharjee,
"Physics of forced magnetic reconnection in coaxial helicity injection
experiments in National Spherical Torus Experiment," Physics of Plasmas
21, 056109 (2014).

E. C. Howell and C. R. Sovinec, "Solving the GradShafranov equation with
spectral elements," Computer Physics Communications 185,
1415 (2014).

J. B. O'Bryan and C. R. Sovinec, "Simulated fluxrope evolution during
noninductive startup in Pegasus," Plasma Physics and Controlled
Fusion 56, 064005 (2014).

E. B. Hooper, C. R. Sovinec, R. Raman, F. Ebrahimi, and J. E. Menard,
"Resistive MHD simulations of helicity injected startup plasmas in NSTX,"
Physics of Plasmas 20, 092510 (2013).

F. Ebrahimi, E. B. Hooper, C. R. Sovinec, and R. Raman, "Magnetic reconnection
process in transient coaxial helicity injection," Physics of Plasmas 20
, 090702 (2013).

C. Akcay, C. C. Kim, B. S. Victor, and T. R. Jarboe, "Validation of single
fluid and twofluid magnetohydrodynamic models of the helicity injected torus
spheromak experiment with the NIMROD code," Physics of Plasmas 20
, 082512 (2013).

P. Zhu and J. Raeder, "Plasmoid formation in current sheet with finite normal
magnetic component," Physical Review Letters 110, 235005 (2013).

V. A. Izzo, "Impurity mixing and radiation asymmetry in massive gas
injection simulations of DIIID," Physics of Plasmas 20,
056107 (2013).

M. G. Schlutt, C. C. Hegna, C. R. Sovinec, E. D. Held and S. E. Kruger,
"Selfconsistent simulations of nonlinear magnetohydrodynamics and profile
evolution in stellarator configurations," Physics of Plasmas 20,
056104 (2013).

M. G. Schlutt, C. C. Hegna, C. R. Sovinec, J. D. Hebert and S. F. Knowlton,
"Numerical simulation of current evolution in the Compact Toroidal Hybrid,"
Nuclear Fusion 52, 103023 (2012).

J. B. O'Bryan, C. R. Sovinec, and T. M. Bird, "Simulation of currentfilament
dynamics and relaxation in the Pegasus ST,"
Physics of Plasmas 19, 080701 (2012).

N. A. Murphy, M. P. Miralles, C. L. Pope, J. C. Raymond, H. D. Winter, K.
K. Reeves, D. B. Seaton, A. A. van Ballegooijen, and J. Lin, "Asymmetric
Magnetic Reconnection in Solar Flare and Coronal Mass Ejection Current
Sheets," Astrophysical Journal 751, 56 (2012).

J. R. King, C. R. Sovinec, and V. V. Mirnov, "Firstorder finiteLarmorradius fluid
modeling of tearing and relaxation in a plasma pinch," Physics of Plasmas 19
, 055905 (2012).

D. P. Brennan, C. C. Kim, and R. J. La Haye, "Energetic particle effects on n=1
resistive MHD instabilities in a DIIID hybrid discharge,"
Nuclear Fusion 52, 033004 (2012).

P. Zhu, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Stabilizing effects of edge current
density on pedestal instabilities," Physics of Plasmas 19, 032503 (2012).

I. V. Khalzov, B. P. Brown, N. Katz, and C. B. Forest, "Modeling the Parker
instability in a rotating plasma screw pinch," Physics of Plasmas 19
, 022107 (2012).

R. A. Bayliss, C. R. Sovinec, and A. J. Redd, "Zerobeta modeling of coaxial
helicity injection in the HITII spherical torus," Physics of Plasmas
18, 094502 (2011).

E. B. Hooper, "Physics issues of a spheromak refluxing scenario,"
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
53, 085008 (2011).

V.A. Izzo, E.M. Hollmann, A.N. James, J.H. Yu, D.A. Humphreys, L.L. Lao,
P.B. Parks, P.E. Sieck, J.C. Wesley, R.S. Granetz, G.M. Olynyk and D.G. Whyte,
"Runaway electron confinement modelling for rapid shutdown scenarios in
DIIID, Alcator CMod and ITER," Nuclear Fusion 51, 063032
(2011).

F. Ebrahimi, B. Lefebvre, C. B. Forest, and A. Bhattacharjee,
"Global HallMHD simulations of Magnetorotational Instability in a Plasma
Couette Flow Experiment," Physics of Plasmas 18, 062904
(2011).

J. R. King, C. R. Sovinec, and V. V. Mirnov, "Firstorder
finiteLarmorradius effects on magnetic tearing in pinch configurations,"
Physics of Plasmas 18, 042303 (2011).

I. V. Khalzov, B. P. Brown, F. Ebrahimi, D. D. Schnack, and C. B. Forest,
"Numerical simulation of laminar plasma dynamos in a cylindrical von Karman
flow," Physics of Plasmas 18, 32110 (2011).

N. A. Murphy, "Resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations of Xline retreat
during magnetic reconnection," Physics of Plasmas 17,
112310 (2010).

R. D. Milroy, C. C. Kim, and C. R. Sovinec, "Extended magnetohydrodynamic
simulations of field reversed configuration formation and sustainment
with rotating magnetic field current drive," Physics of Plasmas
17, 62502 (2010).

V. A. Izzo and P. B. Parks, "Comment on 'Plasma current spikes due to
internal reconnection during tokamak disruptions," Nuclear Fusion 50
, 58001 (2010).

C. R. Sovinec, J. R. King, and the NIMROD Team, "Analysis of a
mixed semiimplicit/implicit algorithm for lowfrequency twofluid
plasma modeling," Journal of Computational Physics 229
, 5803 (2010).

B. J. Burke, S. E. Kruger, C. C. Hegna, P. Zhu, P. B. Snyder,
C. R. Sovinec, and E. C. Howell,
"Edge localized linear ideal magnetohydrodynamic instability studies
in an extendedmagnetohydrodynamic code,"
Physics of Plasmas 17, 32103 (2010).

T. G. Jenkins, S. E. Kruger, C. C. Hegna, D. D. Schnack, and C. R. Sovinec,
"Calculating electron cyclotron current drive stabilization of resistive
tearing modes in a nonlinear MHD model," Physics of Plasmas
17,, 12502 (2010).

V. A. Izzo, P. B. Parks, and L. L. Lao,
"DIIID and ITER rapid shutdown with radially uniform deuterium deliver,"
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 51, 105004 (2009).

P. Zhu, C. C. Hegna, C. R. Sovinec, A. Bhattacharjee, and K. Germaschewski,
"Intermediate nonlinear regimes of linetied g mode and ballooning
instability," Nuclear Fusion 49, 095009 (2009).

E. B. Hooper, C. A. RomeroTalamas, L. L. Lodestro, R. D. Wood, and H. S. McLean,
"Aspectratio effects in the driven, fluxcore spheromak," Physics of Plasmas
16, 052506 (2009).

B. I. Cohen, C. A. RomeroTalamas, D. D. Ryutov, E. B. Hooper, L. L. Lodestro,
H. S. McLean, T. L. Stewart, and R. D. Wood,
"The role of the n=1 column mode in spheromak formation," Physics of Plasmas
16, 042501 (2009).

C. S. Carey and C. R. Sovinec, "Rotational stabilization of magnetically
collimated jets," the Astrophysical Journal 699,
362 (2009).

R. Takahashi, D. P. Brennan, and C. C. Kim,
"A detailed study of kinetic effects of energetic particles on resistive
MHD stability," Nuclear Fusion 49, 065032 (2009).

R. Takahashi, D. P. Brennan, and C. C. Kim,
"Kinetic Effects of Energetic Particles on Resistive MHD Stability,"
Physical Review Letters 102, 135001 (2009).

V.A. Izzo, I. Joseph, "RMP enhanced transport and rotational screening
in simulations of DIIID plasmas,"
Nucl. Fusion 48, 115004 (2008).

A. I. D. Macnab and S. Woodruff, "Simulations of the supersonic translation,
collision, and merging of two fieldreversed configurations for plasma
heating," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 36
, 1208 (2008).

C. C. Kim and the NIMROD Team, "Impact of velocity space
distribution on hybrid kineticmagnetohydrodynamic simulation of
the (1,1) mode," Physics of Plasmas 15, 072507 (2008).

J. M. Reynolds, C. R. Sovinec, and S. C. Prager, "Nonlinear
Magnetohydrodynamics of Pulsed Parallel Current Drive in Reversedfield
Pinches," Physics of Plasmas 15, 062512 (2008).

V. A. Izzo, D. G. Whyte, R. S. Granetz, P. B. Parks, E. M. Hollmann, L. L. Lao, and J. C. Wesley, "Magnetohydrodynamic simulations of massive gas injection
into Alcator CMod and DIIID plasmas" Physics of Plasmas 15,
056109 (2008).
 N. A. Murphy and C. R. Sovinec, "Global Axisymmetric Simulations of
Twofluid Reconnection in an Experimentally Relevant Geometry," Physics of
Plasma 15, 042313 (2008).
 E. B. Hooper, B. I. Cohen, H. S. McLean, R. D. Wood, C. A. RomeroTalamas,
and C. R. Sovinec, "NIMROD Resistive Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of
Spheromak Physics," Physics of Plasmas 15, 032502 (2008).
 R. D. Milroy, A. I. D. Macnab, C. C. Kim, and C. R. Sovinec,
"FRC simulations using the NIMROD code," Journal of Fusion Energy
27, 73 (2008).
 C.C. Kim and the NIMROD Team, "Preliminary Simulations of FLR Effects on
RFP Tearing Modes," Journal Fusion Energy 27, 61 (2008).
 A. I. D. Macnab, R. D. Milroy, C. C. Kim, C. R. Sovinec, and the
NIMROD Team, "Hall
magnetohydrodynamics simulations of endshorting induced rotation in
fieldreversed configurations," Physics of Plasmas 14, 092503
(2007).
 C. R. Sovinec, D. C. Barnes, R. A. Bayliss, D. P. Brennan, E. D. Held,
S. E. Kruger, A. Y. Pankin, D. D. Schnack and the NIMROD Team, "Twofluid
studies of edge relaxation events in tokamaks," Journal of Physics:
Conference Series 78, 012070 (IoP, London, 2007).

P. Zhu, C. R. Sovinec, C. C. Hegna, A. Bhattacharjee, and
K. Germaschewski, "Nonlinear ballooning instability in the nearEarth
magnetotail: Growth, structure, and possible role in substorms," Journal of
Geophysical Research 112, A06222
(2007).

V.A Izzo, "A numerical investigation of the effects of impurity penetration
depth on disruption mitigation by massive highpressure gas jet,"
Nucl. Fusion 46, 541 (2006).
 D.
P. Brennan, S. E. Kruger, D. D. Schnack, C. R. Sovinec, and A. Pankin,
"Computing nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic edge localized instabilities
in fusion
plasmas," Journal of Physics: Conference Series 46, 63 (IoP, London, 2006).
 D.
D. Schnack, D. C. Barnes, C. C. Hegna, E. D. Held, C. C. Kim, S. E. Kruger, A.
Y. Pankin, and C. R. Sovinec, "Computational Modeling of Fully Ionized Plasmas
Using the Fluid Approximation," Physics of Plasmas 13, 58103 (2006).
 E.B. Hooper, T. A. Kopriva, B. I. Cohen, D. N. Hill, H. S. Mclean, R. D. Wood, S.
Woodruff, and C. R. Sovinec,
"A Magnetic Reconnection Event in a
Driven Spheromak," Physics of Plasmas 12, 92503 (2005).
 V. A. Izzo and T. R. Jarboe, "Threedimensional magnetohydrodynamic
simulations of the Helicity Injected Torus with Steady Inductive drive,"
Physics of Plasmas 12, 056109 (2005).

D.P. Brennan, S.E. Kruger, T.A. Gianakon, and D.D. Schnack,
"A categorization of tearing mode onset in tokamaks via nonlinear simulation",
Nucl. Fusion 45, 11781190 (2005).
Link to General Atomics report from same work.
 C.
R. Sovinec, D. D. Schnack, A. Y. Pankin, D. P. Brennan, H. Tian, D. C. Barnes,
S. E. Kruger, E. D. Held, C. C. Kim, X. S. Li, D. K. Kaushik, S. C. Jardin, and
the NIMROD Team, "Nonlinear Extended Magnetohydrodynamics Simulation Using
HighOrder Finite Elements," Journal of Physics: Conference Series 16, 25 (IoP, London, 2005).

S.E. Kruger, D.D. Schnack and C. R. Sovinec, "Dynamics of the Major Disruption
of a DIIID Plasma," Physics of Plasmas 12, 56113 (2005).

B.I. Cohen, E. B. Hooper, R. H. Cohen, D. N. Hill, H. S. Mclean, R. D. Wood,
S. Woodruff, C. R. Sovinec, and G. A. Cone, "Simulation of Spheromak
Evolution and Energy Confinement," Physics of Plasmas 12,
56106 (2005).
 C.
R. Sovinec, B. I. Cohen, G. A. Cone, E. B. Hooper, and H. S.
McLean,
"Numerical Investigation of Transients in the SSPX
Spheromak,"
Physical Review Letters 94, 35003 (2005).
 C.R. Sovinec, A.H. Glasser, D.C. Barnes, T.A. Gianakon, R.A. Nebel, S.E.
Kruger,
D.D. Schnack, S.J. Plimpton, A. Tarditi, M.S. Chu and the NIMROD Team,
"Nonlinear Magnetohydrodynamics with Highorder Finite Elements,"
Journal of
Computational Physics, 195, 355 (2004).
 C.
C. Kim, C. R. Sovinec, S. E. Parker, and the NIMROD Team, "Hybrid KineticMHD
Simulations in General Geometry," Computer Physics Communications 164, 448 (2004).
 S.E.
Kruger, C. R. Sovinec, D.D. Schnack, and E. D. Held,
``Freeboundary
Simulations of DIIID Plasmas with the NIMROD Code,''
Computer Physics
Communications 164, 34 (2004).
 E.
D. Held, J. D. Callen, C. C. Hegna, C. R. Sovinec, T. A. Gianakon, and S. E.
Kruger,
``Nonlocal Closures for Plasma Fluid Simulations,''
Physics
of Plasmas, 11, 2419 (2004).
 V.
A. Izzo and T. R. Jarboe,
"A Numerical Assessment of the Lundquist
Number Requirement for Relaxation Current Drive,"
Physics of Plasmas
11, 2903 (2004).
 C.
R. Sovinec, T. A. Gianakon, E. D. Held, S. E. Kruger, D. D. Schnack and the
NIMROD Team
``NIMROD: a computational laboratory for studying nonlinear
fusion magnetohydrodynamics ''
Physics of Plasmas, 10, 1727 (2003).
 T.A.
Gianakon, S.E. Kruger, and C.C. Hegna
"Heuristic closures for
numerical simulation of neoclassical tearing modes,"
Physics of
Plasmas, 9, 536 (2002).
 C.
R. Sovinec, J. M. Finn, and D. delCastilloNegrete,
"Formation and
Sustainment of Spheromaks in the Resistive MHD Model,"
Physics of
Plasmas 8, 475 (2001).
 J.
M. Finn, C. R. Sovinec, and D. delCastilloNegrete,
"Chaotic
Scattering and Selforganization in Spheromak Sustainment,"
Physical
Review Letters 85, 4538 (2000).
 A.
H. Glasser, C. R. Sovinec, R. A. Nebel, T. A. Gianakon, S. J. Plimpton, M. S.
Chu, D. D. Schnack, and the NIMROD Team,
"The NIMROD Code: A New
Approach to Numerical Plasma Physics,"
Plasma Physics and Controlled
Fusion 41, A747 (1999).
Papers in which NIMROD
simulations contributed to the results

D. delCastilloNegrete, L. Carbajal, D. Spong, and V. Izzo, "Numerical
simulation of runaway electrons: 3D effects on synchrotron radiation and
impuritybased runaway current dissipation," Physics of Plasmas 25,
056104 (2018).

E. C. Howell and C. R. Sovinec, "Parameterspace survey of linear gmode and
interchange in extended magnetohydrodynamics," Physics of Plasmas 24,
102117 (2017).

C. Akcay, J. M. Finn, R. A. Nebel, and D. C. Barnes, "Electrostatically
driven helical plasma state," Physics of Plasmas 24, 052503 (2017).

V. V. Mirnov, J. P. Sauppe, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Analytical
and numerical treatment of resistive drift instability in a plasma slab,"
Plasma Physics Reports 42, 440 (2016).

C. Hansen, B. Victor, K. Morgan, T. Jarboe, A. Hossack, G. Marklin,
B. A. Nelson, D. Sutherland, "Numerical studies and metric development
for validation of magnetohydrodynamic models on the HITSI experiment,"
Physics of Plasmas 22, 056105 (2015).

B. S. Victor, C. Akcay, C. J. Hansen, T. R. Jarboe, B. A. Nelson,
and K. D. Morgan, "Development of validation metrics using biorthogonal
decomposition for the comparison of magnetic field measurements,"
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 57, 045010 (2015).

K. M. Velas and R. D. Milroy, "Probe measurements of the threedimensional
magnetic field structure in a rotating magnetic field sustained field
reversed configuration," Physics of Plasmas 21, 012502 (2014).

D. D. Schnack, J. Cheng, D. C. Barnes, and S. E. Parker, "Comparison of kinetic
and extended magnetohydrodynamics computational models for the linear ion
temperature gradient instability in slab geometry," Physics of Plasmas
20, 062106 (2013).

P. Zhu, J. Raeder, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Nature of axial tail
instability and bubbleblob formation in nearEarth plasma sheet,"
J. Geophysical Research: Space Physics 118, 653 (2013).

E. B. Hooper, R. H. Bulmer, B. I. Cohen, D. N. Hill, C. T. Holcomb, B. Hudson,
H. S. Mclean, L. D. Pearlstein, C. A. RomeraTalamas, C. R. Sovinec, B. W.
Stallard, R. D. Wood, and S. Woodruff, "Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment
(SSPX): Design and Physics Results," Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
54, 113001 (2012).

R. J. La Haye, R. J. Buttery, S. P. Gerhardt, S. A. Sabbagh, and D. P. Brennan,
"Aspect ratio effects on neoclassical tearing modes from comparison between DIIID
and National Spherical Torus Experiment,"
Physics of Plasmas 19, 062506 (2012).

N. A. Murphy, C. R. Sovinec, and P. A. Cassak, "Magnetic reconnection
with asymmetry in the outflow direction,"
Journal of Geophysical Research 115, A09206 (2010).

P. Zhu, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec,
"Exponential growth of nonlinear ballooning instability,"
Physical Review Letters 102, 235003 (2009).

J. H. Yu, M. A. Van Zeeland, M. S. Chu, V. A. Izzo, and R. J. La Haye,
"Fast imaging of transients and coeherent magnetohydrodynamics modes in DIIID,"
Physics of Plasmas 16, 056114 (2009).

J.Y. Ji, E. D. Held, and C. R. Sovinec,
"Moment approach to deriving parallel heat flow for general
collisionality,"
Physics of Plasmas 16, 022312 (2009).

T. K. Fowler, R. Jayakumar, and H. S. McLean,
"Stable Spheromaks Sustained by Neutral Beam Injection,"
Journal of Fusion Energy 28, 118 (2009).

J. A. Breslau, C. R. Sovinec, and S. C. Jardin,
"An Improved Tokamak Sawtooth Benchmark for 3D Nonlinear MHD,"
Communications in Computational Physics 4, 647 (2008).

R. D. Milroy and L. C. Steinhauer,
"Toroidal Field Stabilization of the Rotational Instability in Field
Reversed Configurations," Physics of Plasmas 15, 022508 (2008).

P. Zhu, D. D. Schnack, F. Ebrahimi, E. G. Zweibel, M. Suzuki, C. C. Hegna,
and C. R. Sovinec, "Absence of Complete FiniteLarmorRadius Stabilization
in Extended MHD," Physical Review Letters 101, 085005 (2008).

B. Hudson, R. D. Wood, H. S. McLean, E. B. Hooper, D. N. Hill,
R. Jayakumar, J. Moller, C. A. RomeroTalamas, T. A. Casper,
J. A. Johnson III, L. Lodestro, E. Mezonlin, and L. D. Pearlstein,
"Energy confinement and magnetic field generation in the SSPX spheromak,"
Phys. Plasmas 15 56112 (2008).

P. Zhu, C. C. Hegna, C. R. Sovinec, A. Bhattacharjee, and
K. Germaschewski, "Intermediate nonlinear regime of a linetied g mode,"
Physics of Plasmas 14, 055903 (2007).

C. A. RomeroTalamas, E. B. Hooper, R. Jayakumar, H. S. McLean, R. D. Wood,
and J. M. Moller, "Measurements and phenomenological modeling of magnetic
flux buildup in spheromak plasmas," Physics of Plasmas 15,
042503 (2008).

D.G. Whyte, R. Granetz , M. Bakhtiari , V. Izzo , T. Jernigan , J. Terry ,
M. Reinke , B. Lipschultz, "Disruption mitigation on Alcator CMod
using highpressure gas injection: Experiments and modeling toward ITER,"
Journal of Nuclear Materials 363365, 1160 (2007).

P. Zhu, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Nonlinear growth
of a linetied g mode near marginal stability,"
Physics of Plasmas 13, 102307 (2006).

R. Granetz, D.G. Whyte, V.A. Izzo, T. Biewer, M.L. Reinke, J. Terry,
A. Bader, M. Bakhtiari, T. Jernigan and G. Wurden,
"Gas jet disruption mitigation studies on Alcator CMod,"
Nucl. Fusion 46 10011008 (2006).

H. S. McLean, R. D. Wood, B. I. Cohen, E. B. Hooper, D. N. Hill, J. M.
Moller, C. RomeroTalamas, and S. Woodruff, "Transport and fluctuations
in high temperature spheromak plasmas,"
Phys. Plasmas 13 56105 (2006).

E. A. Lazarus, F. L. Waelbroeck, T. C. Luce, M. E. Austin, K. H. Burrell,
J. R. Ferron, A. W. Hyatt, T. H. Osborne, M. S. Chu, D. P. Brennan, P. Gohil,
R. J. Groebner, C. L. Hsieh, R. J. Jayakumar, L. L. Lao, J. Lohr, M. A.
Makowski, C. C. Petty, P. A. Politzer, R. Prater, T. L. Rhodes, J. T.
Scoville, E. J. Strait, A. D. Turnbull, M. R. Wade, G. Wang, H. Reimerdes,
and C. Zhang, "A comparison of sawtooth oscillations in bean and oval
shaped plasmas," Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
48, L65 (2006).

S. Woodruff, B. I. Cohen, E. B. Hooper, H. S. Mclean, B. W. Stallard,
D. N. Hill, C. T. Holcomb, C. RomeroTalamas, R. Wood, G. A. Cone, and
C. R. Sovinec, "Controlled and Spontaneous Magnetic Field Generation in a
Gun Driven Spheromak," Physics of Plasmas 12, 52505 (2005).

S. Woodruff, B. W. Stallard, H. S. McLean, E. B. Hooper, R. Bulmer,
B. I. Cohen, D. N. Hill, C. T. Holcomb, J. Moller, and R. D. Wood,
"Increasing the magnetic helicity content of a plasma by pulsing a
magnetized source," Physical Review Letters 93,
205002 (2004).

D.P. Brennan, E.J. Strait, A.D. Turnbull, M.S. Chu, R.J. La Haye, T.C. Luce,
T.S. Taylor, S.E. Kruger, D.D. Schnack, "A Mechanism for Tearing Mode Onset
Near Ideal Stability Boundary," Physics of Plasmas, 10,
1643 (2003).
 P.
Martin, L. Marrelli, G. Spizzo, P. Franz, P. Piovesan, I. Predebon, T.
Bolzonella, S. Cappello, A. Cravotta, D. F. Escande, L. Frassinetti, S
.Ortolani, R. Paccagnella, D. Terranova, B. E. Chapman, D. Craig, S. C. Prager,
J. S. Sarff, P. Brunsell, J.A. Malmberg, J. Drake, Y. Yagi, H Koguchi, Y.
Hirano, R. B. White, C. Sovinec, C. Xiao, R. A. Nebel, D. D. Schnack, and the
RFX, MST, EXTRAP T2R, and TPERX teams,
"Overview of Quasi Single
Helicity Experiments in Reversed Field Pinches,"
Nuclear Fusion 43, 1855 (2003).
 R.
H. Cohen, H. L. Berk, B. I. Cohen, T. K. Fowler, A. H. Glasser, E. B. Hooper,
L. L. LoDestro, E. C. Morse, L. D. Pearlstein, T. D. Rognlien, D. D. Ryutov, C.
R. Sovinec, and S. Woodruff,
"Theoretical Investigation of
FieldLine Quality in a Driven Spheromak,"
Nuclear Fusion 43, 1220 (2003).
 E. D. Held, J. D. Callen, C. C. Hegna, and C. R. Sovinec, "Conductive
electron heat flow along magnetic field lines," Physics of Plasmas 8
, 1171 (2001).